-->

Mather Family Trees

Martin Luther

Martin Luther

Male 1483 - 1546  (62 years)

Personal Information    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Martin Luther 
    Born 10 Nov 1483  Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 18 Feb 1546  Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Martin Luther was born to Hans Luder (or Ludher, later Luther) and his wife Margarethe (née Lindemann) on 10 November 1483 in Eisleben, Saxony, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. He was baptized as a Catholic the next morning on the feast day of St. Martin of Tours. His family moved to Mansfeld in 1484, where his father was a leaseholder of copper mines and smelters and served as one of four citizen representatives on the local council.

      In accordance with his father's wishes, Luther enrolled in law school at the same university that year but dropped out almost immediately, believing that law represented uncertainty. Luther sought assurances about life and was drawn to theology and philosophy, expressing particular interest in Aristotle, William of Ockham, and Gabriel Biel. He was deeply influenced by two tutors, Bartholomaeus Arnoldi von Usingen and Jodocus Trutfetter, who taught him to be suspicious of even the greatest thinkers and to test everything himself by experience. Philosophy proved to be unsatisfying, offering assurance about the use of reason but none about loving God, which to Luther was more important. Reason could not lead men to God, he felt, and he thereafter developed a love-hate relationship with Aristotle over the latter's emphasis on reason. For Luther, reason could be used to question men and institutions, but not God. Human beings could learn about God only through divine revelation, he believed, and Scripture therefore became increasingly important to him.

      Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority and office of the pope by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge, and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood Those who identify with these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans, though Luther insisted on Christian or Evangelical (German: evangelisch) as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.
      His translation of the Bible into the German vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible to the laity, an event that had a tremendous impact on both the church and German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation, the Tyndale Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry.

      (Much more information can be obtained online)

      Martin and Katherina had six children:
      Hans-Johannes (7 Jun 1526 - 28 Oct 1575)
      Elizabeth (10 Dec 1527 - 3 Aug 1528)
      Magdalena (4 May 1529 - 20 Sep 1542)
      Martin (9 Nov 1531 - 3 May 1565)
      Paul (28 Jan 1533 - 8 March 1593)
      Anna Margaretha (1534-1570)

      Hans became a lawyer and later a government official. Paul grew up to be a famous doctor. Martin studied theology but never became a pastor, dying young, at age 33. Anna Margaretha married a nobleman. (Christianity Today, Issue 39)
    Person ID I14222  Mather | Schaffner Davis
    Last Modified 31 Aug 2017 

    Father Johann Hans Luder,   b. 29 May 1459, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1530, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Mother Margarethe Lindemann,   b. 1463, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jun 1531, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Married 1479  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F5405  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Katharina Von Bora,   b. 29 Jan 1499, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1552, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years) 
    Married 13 Jun 1525  Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Anna Margarethe Luther,   b. 17 Dec 1534, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Mar 1570, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years)
    Last Modified 22 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F5187  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 10 Nov 1483 - Saxony, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 13 Jun 1525 - Saxony, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 18 Feb 1546 - Saxony, Germany Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth